Any of a number of doctrines emphasizing the existence, nature, or role of the will; whether a cosmic will, as with Artur Schopenhauer (1788-1860), or (more commonly, and also including Schopenhauer) the human will.

Such doctrines may emphasize the role of the will in our thinking or acquisition of knowledge, or the reality of free decisions as against universal determinism, or the power of individuals' choices in shaping the course of history.

A Schopenhauer, The Will to Live, R Taylor, ed. (1962)

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